VMware Solutions Discussions

FAS2040 setup for VMware, CIFS


We are purchasing a NetApp in the near future, most likely a FAS2040 with the internal disks and an additional shelf. It will have two controllers and a cluster config. We're probably going to use fibre channel to attach to our ESX environment (although it could end up being iSCSI) and also do some file sharing over CIFS. Management doesn't like NFS. While I have a fair amount of experience administering NetApp, there are some things I am a little confused about from a design perspective. So I am going to run through my thinking on this based on my reading of NetApp documentation and ask you to let me know if you see any problems.

First, the aggregates. It looks like the way to do this to maximize space is to split the disks evenly between the two controllers, and have one aggregate per controller which will contain the root volume and all the volumes for data. If we go with 8.01 (which I think is supported for the FAS2040), these would have to be 32-bit aggregates. Does 8.01 make sense? I'm not sure we need it, but presumably it would be easier to upgrade from 8.01 to 8.x later than it would be to upgrade from 7.3.x.

We will create a separate flexvol for each VMware LUN. In order for dedupe to make sense for us to use, each flexvol will have a volume guarantee of none. Fractional reserve and snapshot reserve will be set to zero. Snapshots will not be scheduled automatically, and the NetApp will be configured to autodelete them. We will track the total usage in each aggregate in order to make sure we have enough disk (which will hopefully be a while!). LUNs should also be small enough that we don't run into the size limitations for dedupe (we've been using relatively small LUNs anyway). We'll set a snapshot reserve of 20% on the CIFS share(s) and use a schedule.

Each controller will be attached to both our SAN switches (depending on the number of free fiber ports each one has, anyway). In terms of initiator groups, I think we'll go with one. All ESX servers currently need to access the same set of LUNs, and I don't anticipate that changing. If it does I guess we could add additional initiator groups.

In terms of spreading the data across the controllers, I am a little confused. The VMware LUNs we're anticipating are about 4 times the size of the CIFS data. Does it make sense to put half of the LUNs on one controller and half on the other, and to split the CIFS data in a similar way? That seems to be the most logical way to do it.

Thanks, and let me know what you think.



HI, What you have described is certainly a viable option. Nothing technnically wrong but you do have a couple of options;

     1.Spliting the disk. You can certainly spilt the disk 50/50 but it might make sense to spit the disk differently. The number of spindles that you have is likely the bottleneck of your environment so you likely would want to put the most spindles possible behind the VMware environment. I would be tempted to place just enough disks into one aggr for the CIFS data then put the rest of the disks into the other aggr for VMware. Your VMware environment would only be served off one controller but I suspect the performance would be better than a 50/50 split.

     2. Volume settings. To take advantage of Dedupe you don't need to set the Volume reservation to none but rather you have to set the LUN reservation to none. You can then still reserve the Volume inorder to plan your space on the Aggr. For example you would likely want a 1TB LUN (not reserved) in a 500GB Volume (reserved). Then adjust the Volume size based on you snapshots and dedupe results. This allows to you control how much data gets placed on the aggr. You can certainly do no reservations but you then have to watch the aggr free space very closely.

     3. With regard to 8.0.1 I tend to agree there. That way you can make 64bit aggrs which as you grow will make it easier to grow your aggrs past 16TB. It's not required now but 8.0.1 has been GA for a while now, I have several customer running it and you are right, it will make things easier down the road.

Congrats on the purchase. Feel free to reach out to us here on the forums if you have any other questions.