2011-02-10 01:47 PM
I just purchased a new FAS2040 with interal SAS drives and a DS4243 with full of 1TB drives in it. It will be primary used by our VMware. Being new to to NetApp system, I am not very familiar with the best practice with VMware. I have a Microsoft Exchange server project that requires to be in the VMware environment. I am trying to design the best way that the heavy I/O won't have much impact on the vms. Here is my delima.
Which one would yeild the best result?
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2011-02-10 04:24 PM
YOu definitly want as many disks as possible in your Aggr so option 3 should be discarded.
What protocol are you using to connect from ESX to the NetApp? If it is NFS a single FlexVol for your VMs would be fine performance wise and maximize your dedupe. If you are using FC/ISCSI you may want smaller LUNs for better performance. It varies but usually 15-20 VMs per LUN max maybe less. Then you have to decide if you want multiple LUNs in one Volume or one LUN per Volume. One LUN per volume gives you better control for things like replication, Vaulting and SnapShots but Multiple LUNs per Volume will get you better Dedupe. It's a trade off. Both work well.
2011-02-10 07:24 PM
The reason I ask is because you may create 2 aggregates in an active/active config, and assign a volume in each aggregate to handle VMWare datastores. This would spread your load to both controllers.
Otherwise, if you have a single controller you should stick to a single aggregate with one volume for VMWare datastore(s). In fact, I would stick to VMWare guidelines instead of NetApp here (regarding number of VMs per store). This was already mentioned in the first reply to your post.
I recommend NFS because of A-SIS - dedupe is phenomenal on NFS VMWare datastores, especially for Windows
Now for Exchange you should probably create additional volumes for LUNs to mount logs and database disks to Exchange. You can use RDMs too. Depends if you licensed SnapDrive, etc. etc. Also, did you check out SnapManager for Exchange?
2011-02-11 06:17 AM
My FAS2040 has dual controller, and it is currently configured as Active-Active, and I am planning to create an aggreate on each controller for better load balancing. As far as using NFS, unfortunately, we already purchased FC for all the ESX hosts. Therefore, we have to use FC.
I was thinking create multiple mailbox servers in vm without using RDM to take advantage of HA. You think using RDM will yeild better performance? We don't have any license on SnapDrive nor SnapManager.
2011-02-22 10:39 AM
Remeber that in active-active configuration, you will divide total number of disks /2 so for "data aggr you will be able to use only 12x 1TB SATA disks. minus 1 disk (at least) as Hotspare, so 11 disks.
You may install Ontap 8.0.1 then you may use iSCSI or FC luns without previous limit of 10-15VM/lun due to VAAI support from Netapp with Ontap8 and vSphere 4.1
I would not use RDM due to its complexity. I heard very good approach for general designs: KISS - Keep It Simple Stupid
Remember to use either Windows 2008 OS or if not possible, make sure your VMDK are aligned (linux+win2003/2000)